Frozen Shoulder

Frozen Shoulder (Adhesive Capsulitis)

Frozen shoulder is a condition that involves pain and stiffness in the shoulder. Frozen shoulder tends to get worse over time, then finally goes away. This may take about 1 to 3 years for a full recovery.

What are the risk factors for frozen shoulder?

• Diseases associated with frozen shoulder, such as shoulder impingement syndrome, degenerative shoulder arthritis, biceps tendinitis, and shoulder bursitis
• Lack of exercise
• Immobility
• Diabetes and thyroid diseases
• Being over 40 years of age
• Occurs more in women than men

What are the symptoms?

Initially, rotating hands backward and lifting arms become difficult. Then, the shoulders become stiff and immobilized. As the symptoms worsen, a patient may feel severe pain with a slight touch.

What are the treatments?

• Self-therapeutic exercise or physical therapy can restore shoulder motions in 3 to 4 weeks
• Non-steroid anti-inflammatory medicine or steroid injection can reduce pain and swelling
• Frozen shoulder patients with diabetes or injuries may have to receive surgical treatment, such as joint capsule relaxation surgery, a surgical procedure that uses an arthroscope to relax a thick, constricted joint capsule.