Rotator Cuff Tear
The rotator cuff refers to the four tendons around the shoulder joint — supraspinatus tendon, infraspinatus tendon, subscapularis tendon, and teres minor tendon. Rotator cuff tear causes pain in lifting or rotating the arms.
What causes ruptured rotator cuff?
A sudden or excessive force on the shoulder can tear the rotator cuff. Degeneration from aging can also cause a tear on the tendon. Moreover, repetitive stress, lack of blood supply, and bone overgrowth can be the causes of the ruptured rotator cuff.
What are the symptoms?
The symptoms of the rotator cuff tear are having difficulty in raising or rotating arms, feeling pain at rest or when sleeping on the affected side at night, and feeling weak when lifting the arms.
What are the treatments?
The treatments vary for each patient. Physical therapy and drug injection can strengthen the shoulder muscles and relieve pain. However, if the treatments do not work, a patient must receive surgical treatment. If the treatment is delayed, the arms will become immobilized, the muscles will transform into fats, and the nerves will be damaged. The surgical treatment fixes the tear and recovers the shoulder movements.