Arthroscopy

Arthroscopy

What kind of surgery is arthroscopy?

The word Arthroscopy comes from the Greek words, Arturo (joint) and Skopein (to look). This translates as “to look in the joint.”

Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical procedure of visualizing, diagnosing, and treating joint disease. An arthroscope, or an endoscope, is inserted into the joint through an incision smaller than 1cm.

The procedure can detect the conditions that are unseen through specialized imaging diagnoses, such as CT or MRI. Arthroscopy also enables the simultaneous treatment of damaged cartilage and the removal of foreign substances in a joint.

Indication for arthroscopy

1. Knee joint
Meniscus damage, anterior and posterior ligament damage, degenerative arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and others

2. Shoulder joint
Rotator cuff rupture, frozen shoulder, traumatic and habitual dislocation, impingement syndrome, removal
of foreign substances, degenerative arthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis.

3. Wrist, ankle, and elbow joint diseases

Who needs arthroscopy?

• Patient with persistent pain in the joint area while nothing appears on the X-ray image
• 
Patient with accumulated watery effusion in the knee joint
• 
Patient with pain or subluxation of a knee while sitting with crossed legs
• 
A patient who has difficulty stretching or feeling tight at the popliteal area behind the knee
• 
A patient experiencing knee pain when walking or tired
• 
Patient with weak knees from overuse or overweight

Advantages of arthroscopy

Accurate joint diagnosis
• Minimal scar
Drastically reduced pain
Fast rehabilitation
Quick return to daily life

Ruptured cartilaginous plate

Ruptured anterior cruciate ligament

Ruptured rotator cuff

Bankart lesion

Considerations Before and After Arthroscopy

• A specialist with abundant clinical experience in arthroscopy must perform the procedure
• Accurate diagnosis is essential for the best result
Arthroscopy treats joints in the shoulders, elbows, knees, wrists, and ankles
Rehabilitation is crucial for a stable and fast recovery
A patient must not cross the legs after the operation
A patient should receive physical therapy for quick recovery. The intensity and types of exercises may vary for each patient

Knee Joint Health Management

Do not sit on a low, soft chair
• Avoid using the stairs
Maintain normal weight
Exercise regularly
Strengthen the muscles around the knees
Sleep well
Be careful not to fall
Be aware of your environment
Wear slip-resistant shoes
Apply compress when necessary
Be careful not to step on snow or ice on the streets
Avoid squatting